All Michigan courts and federal court for the Eastern District of Michigan (1971), Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals (1978), United States Supreme Court (1984), Second Circuit Court of Appeals (1989), federal court for the Western District of Michigan (1999); pro haec vice admission to the federal court for the Southern District of New York (1988) and the federal district court for South Dakota (2013)
University of Michigan Law School, J. D. 1971; University of Chicago, A.B., 1967 (International Relations).
By Governor Rick Snyder to the Michigan Indigent Defense Commission (2014 & 2016); by Governor James J. Blanchard to the State Appellate Defender Commission on recommendation of the Michigan Supreme Court (1988); reappointed by Governor John M. Engler on recommendation of the Court (1992).
Adjunct professor, Cooley Law School, 2005-2013. Instructor at the Trial College of CDAM at Cooley Law School, 2004-2014. Frequent lecturer, workshop leader, moderator or panel participant for numerous presentations by CDAM, National Conference of Chief Justices and State Court Administrators, Michigan Judicial Institute, Wayne State University Medical School, the State Bar of Michigan, the Institute for Continuing Legal Education, the Michigan Association of Counties, and the Associated Press; Guest Lecturer at Detroit College of Law, University of Michigan Law School, University of Detroit Law School, and Wayne State University Law School; Speaker at various local bar association meetings throughout Michigan; guest appearances on Detroit radio and television talk shows.
Current: Member, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys & CDAM; ex officio member of the CDAM Board.
Past: Member, Michigan Public Defense Task Force of the Michigan
Counsel on Crime and Delinquency, State Bar Committee on Justice Initiatives (CJI), Defender Systems and Services Committee of the State Bar, State Bar Committee on Victims’ Rights, and Detroit Bar Association Committee on
Pro Bono Legal Services; Co-chairperson of the Criminal Issues Initiative of the CJI; Chairperson, State Bar Task Force and Committee on Assigned Counsel Standards; President, CDAM; vice president and member of LADA Board; evaluator and monitor for Legal Services Corporation (evaluating legal aid offices) and for The Spangenberg Group (evaluating public defense services); listed in Who's Who in the Midwest and Who’s Who in the Law, and Tarlow,
National Directory of Criminal Lawyers, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Ed; testified as expert witness in state and federal courts (expert on effective assistance of counsel).